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托福写作范文分析

2021-10-14

Read the question below. You have 30 minutes to plan, write, and revise your essay.Typically, an effective response will contain a minimum of 300 words.

 

Question:

 

The government has announced that it plans to build a new courthouse in your area.Some people think it would be good for your community; others disagree. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of having a courthouse in your community. Use specific details in your discussion.

 

Similar Questions:

 

Read the question below. You have 30 minutes to plan, write, and revise your essay.Typically, an effective response will contain a minimum of 300 words.

 

Question:

 

Television shows can give you a glimpse of life in a different country or of a different lifestyle. Compare two television shows you have watched that have taught you something through their use of setting. Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer.

 

问题

 

政府决定在你居住的地区设立法院。在论述中有些人认为这对社区有利,但有些人则持反对意见。

请讨论建立社区法院的利与弊。请用具体细节论证你的观点。

 

问题

 

电视让我们了解其他国家的生活习惯。比较你看过的并让你从中受益的两档电视节目。请详细阐述你的观点。

 

Essay Plan

 

Background Information: Explain the situation and why there are advantages and disadvantages.

- government decides to build new courthouse

- advantages: jobs and convenience

- disadvantages: Criminal element comes into area

 

Thesis Statement: State the basis of the advantages and disadvantages.

- The advantages and disadvantages of having a courthouse in my community have a lot to do with who will be using the facility.

 

First Main Point: Advantages

- project will create jobs, eg. construction for building, maintenance of building, security, etc.

- residence for lawyers and paralegals

 

Second Main Point: Disadvantages

- People object to criminals coming to be prosecuted or to those who support their friends.

- concern if they escape custody

- think project will attract criminal element into area

 

Conclusion:

- positive re: jobs and convenience

- negative re: criminal element

翻译

背景信息:说明情况,解释为什么有利弊。

一政府决定设立新法院。

一利:解决就业,提供便利

一弊:犯罪因素随之进入社区。

 

主题:

陈述决定利弊的依据。

一在我所生活的社区设立法院,其利弊跟谁将利用这一设施有关。

 

论点一:

一这一计划将增加就业、如建流、大楼维护、保安等。

一律师和律师助手的住所条件便利

 

论点二:

一居民对那些即将被审判的罪犯和为支持他们而来的同伙持反对态度。一担心罪犯被拘留时逃跑

一认为这一计划会将犯罪因素引入社区

 

结论:

一积极的:解决就业、提供便利(参考)

一消极的:存在犯罪因素(参考)

 

Sample Essay

 

A courthouse is an important installation in any area. When the government decides to build a new courthouse my area, the news will not be accepted without some protest and discussion. Some people will see it as a source of employment and convenience; others will think it will bring undesirable people into the community. The advantage and disadvantages of having a courthouse in my community have a lot to do with who will be using the facility.

 

Some people think that a courthouse will bring jobs to the area. First of all, there will be construction done for at least a year. Then there will be jobs in maintenance and security at the courthouse. Lawyers and paralegals will find it convenient to live and work in this area,and those with legal matters to attend to at courthouse will approve of the location.

 

On the other hand, there are those who do not agree that a new courthouse in the area is a good idea. They object because a courthouse means people who are being prosecuted for crimes will have to be brought to the courthouse trial. To them, this means that criminals will be moving around in the community and posing a threat to the residents, especially if they escape from custody. Then there are the criminals who come to support their friends and who might steal something while they are in the area. These residents in the community are concerned about the element the courthouse will attract.

 

There are two ways to look at the possibility of a new courthouse in my community. It can be a positive offering jobs and convenience; or it can be a place that attracts the kind of criminal element no neighborho welcome.

 

参考译文

 

不管在哪个地区,法院都是极其重要的。当政府决定在我们地区建立法院时,这件事不经过抗议和讨论是不可能被接受的。有些人认为新设法院会增加就业,并且能够给居民提供便利。而另外一些人则认为新设法院会招来许多品行不良的人。设立地区法院的利弊是跟谁将利用这一设施有关系的。

 

一些人认为法院会给该地区带来就业机会。首先,至少在一年内有许多建筑工作。其次,法院会提供维修和保安工作。律师和助理们会认为在此居住和工作比较方便,有事务要去法院办理的人也会赞成法院建在这里。

 

也有些人反对在此建立新法院,因为新设法院意味着被起诉的犯罪分子会在此审判。对他们来说,这意味着犯罪分子将在这一地区走动,会给居民的正常生活造成影响,特别是当被拘留的罪犯逃跑时。另外,会有一些罪犯来这里支持他们的同伙,并在社区进行偷盗。简而言之,这些居民担心法院的设立可能会给社区带来犯罪因素。

 

如何看待可能在我们社区新设的法院,现有两种观点。增加就业和提供便利,这是其积极的一面。而另一面,法院可能会成为招来没人欢迎的犯罪因素的场所。

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